“In the British colonised Caribbean, Chinese immigration was proposed in Trinidad as early as 1806, even before the abolition of slavery. Many of the descendants of early migrants have moved abroad, primarily to Canada and the United States. The economy no longer depended on sugar exports by the latter part of the 19th century, when Captain Lorenzo Dow Baker, founder of the organization that later became the United Fruit Company, started a lucrative banana trade in Jamaica. The plant and cultivation of cassava, pumpkin, cashew, sweet potato, arrowroot, corn, cashew, coco, pineapple and yampi Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? In fact during the apprenticeship period (1834-1838) and in 1839, a number of persons of African descent came to Jamaica as free labourers. In the late 1830s and ’40s the governors Sir Charles T. Metcalfe and James Bruce, 8th earl of Elgin, attempted to improve the economy by bringing in thousands of plantation workers from India (rather than paying higher wages to former slaves) and creating the island’s first railway. When the English captured Jamaica in 1655, many of them fought with the Spanish who gave them their freedom and then fled to the mountains resisting the British for many years to maintain their freedom, becoming known as Maroons (Senior, 2003, p. 5 and 446). They were traded to become slaves to work on the sugar cane plantations across the Caribbean region. The British Parliament abolished the transatlantic slave trade in 1807, which increased planters’ costs in Jamaica at a time when the price of sugar was already dropping. The Jamaican assembly, dismayed, ceded its power to Governor Edward John Eyre, who declared martial law, suppressed the rioters, and hanged the principal instigator, Paul Bogle, and his alleged coconspirator, assembly member George William Gordon. The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were shipped to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade. Cheap sugar cane was then becoming popular in Europe and the new settlers decided to take full advantage of these new developments by utilizing the island of Jamaica. Many former slaves left the plantations and moved to the nearby hills, where their descendants still farm small landholdings. The following year the assembly acquiesced in passing a revenue act. Jamaica also became one of Britain’s most-valuable colonies in terms of agricultural production, with dozens of processing centres for sugar, indigo, and cacao (the source of cocoa beans), although a plant disease destroyed much of the cacao crop in 1670–71. How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? Therefore in the year 1655, the British snatched the island of Jamaica from the Spanish with ease. The Jamaican accent locally known as Patois or Jamaican creole is an English based creole language with lots of West African influences. For treatments of the island in its regional context, see West Indies and history of Latin America. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. European colonists formed a local legislature as an early step toward self-government, although its members represented only a small fraction of the wealthy elite. With depressed prices of cotton and tobacco, due mainly to stiff competition from the North American colonies, the farmers switched, leading to a boom in the Caribbean economies. The most common sectors in which people from the Caribbean found jobs included, for men, manufacturing and construction, as well as public transport. Jamaica is a large island in the Caribbean Sea. The first colonies of the British Empire were founded in North America (Virginia, 1607) and the West Indies (Barbados, 1625). Europeans fared much better but were also susceptible to tropical diseases, such as yellow fever and malaria. By 1850, the black Jamaican population outnumbered the … In the early 20th century thousands of Jamaicans migrated to help build the Panama Canal or to work on Cuban sugar plantations. After this event the British took claim of the island and ensured that it was now a Plantation Island producing products for export to the Island of But Jamaica gain independent in 1962. Two of the bloodiest periods in the 18th century became known as the Maroon Wars. In the mid-17th century, sugarcane had been brought into the British West Indies by the Dutch, from Brazil. Having failed to capture the bigger island, and fearing Cromwell’s wrath, the men turned their fleet toward the relatively unprotected Jamaica. The former slaves were called Maroons, a name probably derived from the Spanish word cimarrón, meaning “wild” or “untamed.” The Maroons adapted to life in the wilderness by establishing remote defensible settlements, cultivating scattered plots of land (notably with plantains and yams), hunting, and developing herbal medicines; some also intermarried with the few remaining Taino. It lies 630 kilometres north-east of mainland Central America. In 1655 Jamaica was secured. Maroons intermittently used guerrilla tactics against Jamaican militia and British troops, who had destroyed many Maroon settlements in 1686. Following the first such conflict (1725–39), Edward Trelawny, the island’s governor, granted freedom to the followers of the Maroon warrior Cudjoe and relinquished control over part of the interior. Upon landing in Jamaica and other islands, they quickly urged local growers to change their main crops from cotton and tobacco to sugar cane. Its close neighbours are Haiti, to the east, and Cuba, to the north. Some 5 million enslaved Africans were taken to the Caribbean, almost half of whom were brought to the British Caribbean (2.3 million). A slave’s life on Jamaica was brutal and short, because of high incidences of tropical and imported diseases and harsh working conditions; the number of slave deaths was consistently larger than the number of births. It does not have any influence from the Irish as someone stated. The story that was passed down the generations was that his great-great grandfather came to Jamaica in the 1850s from Waterford. This was... See full answer below. 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